LIGHTNING COMPONENT COMPOSITION

Lightning Component Composition 

In the previous Episode, we have discussed the aura component attribute i.e. alternative way to define aura component directly inside aura application.

In this episode, we are gonna discuss about aura component composition.

So the question is what is a component composition?
Instead of calling multiple components in a single application, we can use one single nested component which is a combination of the other two components.

In short, we will use only one component which will take care of the rest of the components.

In the above figure, Instead of using 1.Hello HTML and 2.Hello Attribute separately we will just call 3.Nested Component which will take care of rest two-component composition.

In the above figure, 3.Nested Component is a wrapper component. which will basically include component 1 and 2.
Let's cook this recipe !! go fast and open your developer console and create a lightning component :

Component 1 : HelloHTML.cmp
=============================================
<aura:component >
<div class="white"> Hello Html</div>
     <h2>Check the style in this list</h2>
     <ul>
         <li class="red">I am red</li>
         <li class="blue"> I am blue</li>
         <li class ="green"> I am green</li>
     </ul>

</aura:component>
=============================================


</ul> tag is use for creating list in HTML.

Now we will add some style to the above component you can also check Episode to learn how to add CSS to the component.

Component 1 Style : HelloHTML.css
=============================================
.THIS {
    background-color:grey;
}

.THIS .red{
    background-color:red;
}

.THIS .green{
    background-color:green;
}

.THIS .blue{
    background-color:blue;

}
=============================================

Now let's create our second component

Component 2 : HelloAttribute.cmp
=============================================
<aura:component >
   <aura:attribute name="whom" 
                             type="string" 
                             default="You are unique"/>
    
    Hello, {!v.whom}
</aura:component>
=============================================

Now the final nested component 

Component 3 : NestedComponent.cmp
=============================================

<aura:component >

    This file include other components <br></br>

    <c:HelloHTML/>

    <c:HelloAttribute whom="This is new"/>

</aura:component>

=============================================

In the above component, have you notice that we are calling component and directly inside 3rd component just like we are calling in an aura appliaction.
Great !!! right ? now let's jump ahead by creating aura application and call only 3rd component.

Application : ComponentComposition.app

=============================================

<aura:application >
    <c:NestedComponent/>
</aura:application>
=============================================
Now let's hit on preview for output

Output : 
=============================================
=============================================
As you can notice, we have all 1,2,3 components all together in output even if we have just called component 3 in aura application.

WOHOOO !! YOU HAVE JUST COMPLETED VISUALFORCE: GET () METHOD EPISODE
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